The increasing value constituents have placed on descriptive representation in congress

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That, in a nutshell, is how proportional representation works. But while all PR systems have the same goals of ensuring that all voters receive some representation and that all groups are represented fairly, various systems do have different ways of achieving these goals. So it is helpful to see how different kinds of PR systems work in practice.

The increasing value constituents have placed on descriptive representation in Congress has had the effect of _____. a. increasing the sensitivity representatives have to their constituents demands b. decreasing the rate at which incumbents are elected c. increasing the number of minority members in Congress d. decreasing the number of majority ...

Jump to: Preparation Procedure Evaluation This unit includes four lessons using primary sources to examine continuity and change in the governing of the United States. Lessons one and two are focused on a study of the Constitution and Bill of Rights and provide access to primary source documents from the Library of Congress. Lesson three investigates important issues which confronted the first ...
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  • Miler's book, Constituency Representation in Congress, explores the ways legislators understand and respond to their constituents. She distinguished between personal contact---either on the phone ...
  • Firstly, parents' increasing occupational commitments have limited their opportunities to educate children on moral qualities. The current economic condition of the contemporary society requires parents to spend more time at work. This has consequently created fewer interactions between...

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    The purpose of this study is to explain how secondary students can enhance their understanding of descriptive statistics using Modeling Approach and to what extent do students improve their achievement of procedural and conceptual understanding in descriptive statistics using Modeling Instructional Approach.

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    The Congress parties in their resolutions, passed before the Congress ministries resigned, demanded that the Constitution for India should be made by a Constituent Assembly composed of Indians. A Constituent Assembly was included in the Cripps proposals.

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    Mar 06, 2014 · Descriptive representation (being represented by someone who shares your demographic characteristics) and substantive representation (being represented by someone who shares your policy preferences) are both important components of the legislator-constituent relationship. Some have suggested that descriptive representation breeds blind loyalty ...

    Hence, while cause group lobbying should increase the congruence between voters and their representatives, sectional group lobbying should decrease the electoral link between MPs and their constituents.2 2 If one would look instead solely at the total number of interest groups, the effects of cause and sectional group lobbying would cancel each ...

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    The article also helps to clarify the relationship between the descriptive and substantive representation of women and highlights that if we want to capture the whole dynamic of the women’s representation, we have to explicitly consider the role of male MPs and the effects that female MPs can have on their individual responsiveness towards women.

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    Feb 27, 2015 · Chapter 11: Congress ; Brief Contents of Chapter 11: Congress ; Lecture Tips and Suggestions for In-Class Activities Members of Congress can obviously not claim descriptive representation since they come primarily from occupations with high status and usually have substantial incomes. Moreover, women and minorities are underrepresented.

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    Nicole Kalaf-Hughes Representation by the Minute: The Influence of Ethnicity, Partisanship and District Fit on Legislator One-Minute Floor Speeches, Congress & the Presidency 47, no.1 1 (Feb 2020): 92–129.

    Sep 30, 2016 · If Congress creates a joint committee on reform now, it will have created a rare opportunity for itself. It will be known as one of the few Congresses that dedicated itself to institutional reform.

Members of Congress looking like their constituents is only one part of realizing the full effect of diversity on Capitol Hill. Hiring a diverse workforce is the other part, and one of the most ...
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Congress has recognized the value of the growing self-advocacy movement and has written it into the legislation in two places. The DD Act mandates that self-advocates serve as members of the State and Territorial Councils and on the Boards of the PADD agencies, as well as on the Consumer Advisory Councils for the UCEDDs.
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